How to Sex a Baby Chick
Let me kick off this blog with a quick disclaimer: I’m no pro at determining whether your cute little chick is a he or she, but let’s dive into how the experts do it! If you’re part of any backyard chicken group on Facebook, you’ve probably seen folks asking weekly about their chicks’ gender. Trust me, I get the curiosity! I’ve ended up with a couple of surprise roosters myself from “straight run” breeds, which means they haven’t been sexed yet.
Baby chicks

Navigating the world of chick-raising can be tricky, especially when it comes to telling males from females. While most hatcheries can do this for you, some breeds are sold straight run, leaving you to play the waiting game. But fear not! With a keen eye and attention to detail, you can successfully identify the gender of your baby chicks. Let’s explore how!

How to Identify Male and Female Baby Chicks

1. Vent Sexing: This method is the most precise way to tell a chick’s gender by examining its vent, where waste comes out. But only trained professionals should do this, as it’s delicate work and can harm the chick if it’s not done correctly.

2. Feather Growth: Some breeds show gender differences in feather growth. Males might sprout feathers faster, giving you a hint. Keep an eye out for those saddle feathers in males, although they appear later on. These feathers cover the base of a rooster’s tail and rump. However, feather growth isn’t the most reliable method for determining chick gender.

3. Behaviors: Watch how your chicks act! Boys tend to be more active and bold, while girls might be a bit more chill. But hey, there’s always an exception—I have a Silkie that I swore was a male, and she is one of the boldest and funniest chickens I have!

4. Wing Feather Comparison: Check out those wing feathers—sometimes, males have longer ones than females. However, this method requires careful observation and comparison of individual chick feathers and isn’t always accurate.

5. Combs and Wattles: In certain breeds, males may develop larger combs and wattles faster than females. Checking for differences in comb and wattle size can help determine the gender of baby chicks. I’ve found this to be the most accurate for me…an untrained eye! Another clue is that rooster legs are also a bit thicker.

6. Genetic Testing: For the ultimate certainty, you can always go the DNA testing route. It’s a surefire way to know who’s who in your chick crew, especially if you’re serious about breeding or showing.

wing feathers on baby chicks

Remember, accurately identifying the gender of baby chicks can be challenging, especially for beginners. In fact, I usually tell people that it’s not set in stone until you hear them crow or not! Haha! As the chicks grow, their physical characteristics will become more pronounced, making it much easier to differentiate between males and females.

By combining these methods and seeking expert advice when needed, you can successfully identify the gender of baby chicks in your flock. Happy chick-raising!

Until next time,

–The Wing Lady


Published by Annie

Annie Wing is the author of Strong Animals Chicken 101 blog. She is a busy mom with 3 active kids. Annie and her family reside on an acreage in the Redwood River Valley in Minnesota. She enjoys gardening and her absolute favorite pastime is doting on her 28 chickens!